How to say dates (years, months, 'on this day') in Polish!

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Polish Teacher



Polish dates - introduction

Saying the date (or related sentences like 'today is...', 'on...') is quite straightforward if you remember some simple rules. You have to know your Genitive case (and maybe Locative case, as well as Nominative case)

Ktory - Dzisaj Jest ... - Today is...

Dzisaj jest... means 'today is...'.

The correct format for saying this is:

1st January 1993
Nominative (ordinal) Genitive NominativeGenitive
pierwszy stycznia NominativeGenitive
For a list of month names in Polish genitive case, see the bottom of this page (the big table with the months of the year!)
The years are split into two parts - the first half is Nominative and the second half is in Genitive. See the section below for an explanation

Ok, so now for an actual explanation.

The day - this is in Nominative, ordinal number. For example 'first' (pierwszy)

The month this is in Genitive. Genitive form for janurary in Polish is stycznia

The year the first half of the year is in Nominative and the second half is in Genitive. See the section below on how to generate the year...

Kiedy - Full date (e.g. 1st Jan 1991)

1st Jan 1992
Genitive NominativeGenitive

The day - Genitive ordinal number. This ends with -ego for example szesnastego (16th)

The month also in Genitive, for example marca. See the table at the bottom of this page for a list of months + genitive version of them.

The year this is in the usual Nominative for first half of the year (20xx or 19xx) and Genitive for the second half (e.g. xx91, xx18). See the section on years below for an explaination.

W... ( 'in' - such as 'in Jan 1991' or 'in 2018' )

"In [month] [year]"

w Jan 2018
Locative NominativeGenitive

Month: Locative - unlike the other examples (which use Genitive for the mont) this uses the locative case for the months.

Year: please see the section below on how to generate the year - it uses a mix of Nominative and Genitive.

"In [year]"

Please remember that this is not the same as the year format from above!

w 2018
NominativeLocative

Jak Długo? Od... Do... (how long? from... to)

To say how long you have two ways of doing it:

Full date - from...to... (from 1st Jan 2000 until 10th Feb 2010)

od 1st April 2017 do 30th May 2019
Genitive NominativeGenitive Genitive NominativeGenitive

Day - genitive ordinal

Month - genitive (see bottom of this page for a table with month names in genitive case)

Year - see section below on how to generate the year

Just the year (from 1999 to 2009)

od 2017 do 2019
NominativeGenitive NominativeGenitive

A note on how Polish People write dates (and months) with roman numerals

It is very common in Poland to see dates written like "11 XI 1918" (11th November 1918). They use roman numerals for months.

Sometimes you may see br. which means the current year.

bm. stands for the current month

Polish Months in Nominative and Genitive

English Nominative Genitive
January Styczeń Stycznia
February Luty Lutego
March Marzec Marca
April Kwiecień Kwietnia
May Maj Maja
June Czerwiec Czerwca
July Lipiec Lipca
August Sierpień Sierpnia
September Wrzesień Września
October Październik Października
November Listopad Listopada
December Grudzień Grudnia

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